Hyper mobility-related Arthritis

Hyper mobility-related Arthritis

Hypermobility-related arthritis, also known as hypermobility spectrum disorder (HSD) or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type (EDS-HT), is a condition characterized by excessive joint flexibility, joint instability, and associated musculoskeletal symptoms. This condition is often seen in individuals with hypermobile joints and is associated with chronic pain and joint-related issues.

Here are some key points about hypermobility-related arthritis and its treatment:

  • Symptoms: Hypermobility-related arthritis can cause a range of symptoms, including joint pain, joint instability (subluxations or dislocations), joint clicking or popping, joint stiffness, muscle weakness, and fatigue. Individuals with this condition may also experience frequent sprains or injuries due to unstable joints.
  • Diagnosis: The diagnosis of hypermobility-related arthritis involves a comprehensive assessment of symptoms, physical examination, evaluation of joint hypermobility using standardized scoring systems (such as the Beighton score), and consideration of family history. Genetic testing may be conducted to rule out other forms of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
  • Treatment: The treatment of hypermobility-related arthritis focuses on managing symptoms and improving joint stability and function. Treatment approaches may include a combination of conservative measures and targeted interventions. Conservative measures may include physical therapy to strengthen muscles and improve joint stability, assistive devices (such as braces or splints) to support weak joints, pain management with medications or non-pharmacological approaches, and lifestyle modifications (such as avoiding activities that strain the joints).
  • Multidisciplinary Care: Given the complex nature of hypermobility-related arthritis, a multidisciplinary approach to care is often necessary. This may involve a team of healthcare professionals, including rheumatologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, orthopedic specialists, and pain management specialists. Collaborative management can help tailor treatment plans to address the specific needs of individuals with hypermobility-related arthritis.
  • Education and Self-Management: Education about joint protection, proper body mechanics, and self-management strategies is essential for individuals with hypermobility-related arthritis. Learning to identify and avoid triggers that worsen symptoms, engaging in appropriate exercise programs to strengthen supporting muscles, and pacing activities to avoid overexertion are important aspects of self-management.

It's important for individuals with hypermobility-related arthritis to have regular follow-up with their healthcare team to monitor symptoms, evaluate treatment effectiveness, and make necessary adjustments. Each treatment plan should be personalized to address individual needs and goals.

While there is no cure for hypermobility-related arthritis, with proper management and support, many individuals with this condition can effectively control symptoms, reduce joint instability, and maintain an active and fulfilling lifestyle.